The Ten Personality Disorders
The DSM-5 lists ten Personality Disorders which we will take a closer look at during this article. Personality Disorders are defined as a strict and poor pattern of thinking, behaving and function which affects their daily lives. When it comes to Personality Disorders they are among the most difficult to treat effectively. In this article we will look at the three clusters and the ten individual Personality Disorders
Ten Personality Disorders – Clusters
Clusters are basically the way the people in the white coats classify each of the ten personality disorders but to similarities of each. Lets now take a closer look at the three individual clusters
- Cluster A – The first cluster contains Paranoid PD, Schizoid PD, Schizotypal PD. The reason for all of these personality disorders as they are considered to be odd, bizarre or eccentric which is definitely not the words I would use to describe Cluster A
- Cluster B – The second cluster contains Antisocial PD, Borderline PD, Histrionic PD, Narcissistic PD. This specific cluster is considered to be dramatic and erratic. Thanks people in the white coat for a horrible description
- Cluster C – The last cluster contains Avoidant PD, Dependent PD, Obsessive-compulsive PD. The last cluster is described by the people in white coats to be anxious and fearful.
The Ten Personality Disorders
- Paranoid Personality Disorder – This particular personality disorder is defined as the person having a strong distrust in others including family and friends. The person is always on guard and fearful of others which leads them to be strongly judgmental and suspicious. The Paranoid Personality Disorders average sufferer tends to have a strong sense of personal rights which they carefully guard. The Paranoid PD also does not take well to setbacks or rebuffs as well is overly sensitive to shame and humiliation. A person suffering from Paranonid Personality Disorder has trouble with relationships of all kinds
- Schizoid Personality Disorder – A person suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder tends to live in his or her world and prefers that to actual reality. The majority of people with this type of personality disorder tend to be high functioning and rarely seek medical help as they prefer to live in their own world. This type of sufferer tend to avoid real relationships as they tend to be highly sensitive and would enjoy a relationship however they tend to retreat into the word that they created
- Schizotypal Personality Disorder – A person suffering from Schizotypal Personality Disorder may have an odd appearance, behavior that would not be defined as normal and odd beliefs close to that of a Schizophrenic. The person with Schizotypal PD is similar to that of someone suffering from Szhizoid Personality Disorder however they have no desire for a relationship as it seems to be difficult.
- Antisocial Personality Disorder – A person with Antisocial Personality Disorder does not bother themselves with conventional rules of authority and social behavior. This person tends to react with aggression and fails to learn from past mistakes. When it comes to relationships the person at the beginning may seem charming but the relationship tend to end with an explosion of emotions. A person with this type of personality disorder has most likely been in conflict in the law
- Borderline Personality Disorder – A person with Borderline Personality Disorder tends to be balancing a real self and a false self. The false self which was created with what they believed was what other people desired. A person with Borderline has difficulty of a sense of self and experiences strong feelings of emptiness and abandonment. With BPD the relationships tend to be intense but unstable.
- Histrionic Personality Disorder – A person with Histrionic Personality Disorder has a low sense of self-worth and their well being is determined by others attention and approval. With this particular Personality Disorder tend to be seen as by others as playing a part. This person takes immaculate care of their personal appearance and may seem to be charming and seductive by others in order to get that attention they crave. Unfortunately when the attention they are seeking does not come through they tend to become more Histrionic and place themselves in dangerous situations
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder – A person with Narcissistic Personality disorder has an overstated sense of self.importance and self entitlement. This particular personality disorder needs to be admired and is strongly judgmental against others. When someone with Narcissistic PD feels ridiculed they can fly into an angry rage.which ca be disastrous to all those involved
- Avoidant Personality Disorder– The first entry in the final cluster is characterized by strong feelings of being unworthy, unappealing and socially inept which makes them feel that they will never fit in and the fear of being rejected or criticized they steer clear of relationships of all kind. The Avoidant Personality Disorder tends to tie into a high state of anxiety where the person is constantly monitoring the thoughts in their heads and what he or she believes is the thoughts of others. Unfortunately this false belief tends to make the disorder even worse.
- Dependent Personality Disorder – The Dependent Personality Disorder is characterized by a complete lack of self-confidence where they over rely on others to accomplish most tasks. This person at all costs will push the making of life changing decisions to other. Due to ever rely on others this category of suffers tend to fall into relationships where they are abused and taken advantage of
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – OCD is the last Personality Disorder on the list. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is defined as a person who needs to complete certain tasks or they believe something bad will happen. Unfortunately these tasks, routines, organizations and schedule can get to a level so extreme where they are unable to accomplish a normal work routine. People suffering from OCD tend to be humorless, rigid and miserable due to the pressures of completing their rituals. Due to his or her central belief system this person tends to do poorly in all sorts of relationships due to the rigid structure he or she demands
So there are the ten Personality Disorders and during the history of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual or DSM or what many calls the Shrink’s bible there has been many changes in the five editions and chances are more are to come. The difficulty in treating Personality Disorders is that they are often developed in childhood and had decades to develop before receiving treatment. It is believed that ten percent of the population do suffer from a personality disorder in one form or another. Since the language of a few of the disorders is closely related it can be difficult for the person in the white coat to diagnose properly and accurately