Well today we are going to look at Antisocial Personality Disorder and its DSM Criteria. Now when one thinks of this particular personality disorder the two main words that come to mind are Psychopath and Sociopath both of which are incredibly rare. In this article we will explore Antisocial Personality Disorder and why this might be the scariest of all mental health disorders.
A. Disregard for and violation of others rights since age 15, as indicated by one of the seven sub features:
- Failure to obey laws and norms by engaging in behavior which results in criminal arrest, or would warrant criminal arrest
- Lying, deception, and manipulation, for profit tor self-amusement,
- Impulsive behavior
- Irritability and aggression, manifested as frequently assaults others, or engages in fighting
- Blatantly disregards safety of self and others,
- A pattern of irresponsibility and
- Lack of remorse for actions (American Psychiatric Association, 2013)
The other diagnostic Criterion are:
B. The person is at least age 18,
C. Conduct disorder was present by history before age 15
D. and the antisocial behavior does not occur in the context
of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
As you can see by the DSM Criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder it contains behaviors that are not socially acceptable and the reason why a high percentage of people who have been diagnosed with this particular personality disorder spend time in prison.
What Is Conduct Disorder
Conduct Disorder is defined as a mental health disorder that is a series of repetitive behaviors that are not usual for the age group. Conduct Disorder can be diagnosed in children who are younger than ten years old however it is more common to find this type of negative behavior in children who are above ten years of age. Children and teens who are diagnosed with a conduct disorder tend to have the same characteristics in typical behavior for that age group
A) Problems in Academic Settings
B) Higher levels of ADHD Symptoms
C) Dysfunctional home life
D) More instances of violence and aggression
E) Higher than average use of drugs and alcohol usage
As mentioned in the Antisocial Personality Disorder DSM Criteria one must be diagnosed with a conduct disorder before they turn eighteen to be then diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder. What the people are looking for is a long history of this type of behavior and not just a few instances. Between 25 to 40 percent of those diagnosed with a conduct disorder will later be diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder
As mentioned before a diagnosis of Psychopathy is incredibly rare and although many have also been diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder and Conduct Disorder as young adults however it must be stated one does not guarantee the other.
Although the DSM 5 only lays out the basic for Antisocial Personality Disorder many people in white coats believe that this particular mental health disorder can be broken down into five sub types
A) Nomadic Antisocial
B) Malevolent Antisocial
C) Covetous Antisocial
D) Risk Taking Antisocial
E) Reputation Defending Antisocial
A person could have Antisocial Personality Disorder and a slew of other mental health disorders ranging from depression to Borderline Personality Disorder to Narcissistic Personality Disorder to many others
When it comes to treatment for Antisocial Personality Disorder the key is to catch it as soon as possible. As soon as a child or teen is diagnosed with a conduct disorder they need treatment immediately before it can continue to manifest into Antisocial Personality Disorder as an adult. The child or teen may need to be placed in a family setting where all of their needs are met and discipline is provided and understood.
Treating Antisocial Personality Disorder as an adult is incredibly hard and may be the most personality disorder that is the most difficult to treat as the person dealing with this particular mental health disorder has no remorse or understanding of their actions. There is a reason why most people with this mental health disorder spend the majority of their lives behind bars and that has to do with their view on society. Unfortunately no medication has yet been found to treat this personality disorder.